Chondromalacia patellae is caused by degeneration of the cartilage that forms
the posterior capsule of the kneecap, and is very common in people who play
sport, especially those involving considerable mechanical stresses on the knee,
such as cycling, rugby, football, etc. In cases where the structure of the knee
has not yet been completely damaged, it is known as femoral patella syndrome,
and the symptoms are completely reversible. Some factors such as synovitis,
misalignment of the joint, trauma, obesity, among others, can predispose to
Symptoms vary depending on the degree of evolution, and can include oedema
with softening or fibrillation of the cartilage. In severe cases, fibrillation or fissuring
of the deepest layers, even ulceration, can occur.
With ligament rehabilitation as a starting point in cases in which the cause is
postural, the main objective should be realignment and stabilisation of the knee
axis by means of a knee orthosis featuring stabilising elements that enable the
patella to be centred and stabilised.